Using Google Recaptcha V2 with Formik and Node.js

This post intends to demonstrate how to integrate recaptcha with formik as well the code for verifying on a node.js server the token google returns once a CAPTCHA is submitted.

To get started you'll need to set up your site and localhost to be registered for reCAPTCHA by going to https://www.google.com/recaptcha/admin/ and clicking the plus sign to add those sites, respectively.

Getting started

This post assumes you've already installed Formik and Yup. It also depends on gatsby, but you can replace the usage of navigate with whatever routing mechanism you're using. react-toastify is also optional. You will need to have React version 16.8 installed as this tutorial uses hooks.

The Formik JSX

Put the following code in the component where you want to use reCAPTCHA:

import React, { useEffect, useRef } from 'react';
import { withFormik } from 'formik';
import * as Yup from 'yup';
import { toast } from 'react-toastify';
import { navigate } from 'gatsby';
import axios from 'axios';
// Be sure to gitignore this file. This would also make a good candidate env variable.
import { RECATPTCHA_SITE_KEY } from 'constants';

const formikEnhancer = withFormik({
  validationSchema: Yup.object().shape({
    recaptcha: Yup.string().required(),
  handleSubmit: (payload, { setSubmitting }) => {
      .post(`/contact`, payload)
      .then((res) => {
      .catch((err) => {
        toast.error('Something went wrong', {
          position: toast.POSITION.TOP_CENTER,
          hideProgressBar: true,
  mapPropsToValues: () => ({
    recaptcha: '',
  // In my case I used this on a contact form, but you can put whatever
  // you want here, usually the name of the component.
  displayName: 'ContactForm',

const ContactForm = (props) => {
  const { values, handleSubmit, isSubmitting, setFieldValue } = props;

  useEffect(() => {
    // Formik causes multiple renders so don't add script multiple times
    let script;
    if (!document.querySelector('#recaptchaScript')) {
      script = document.createElement('script');
      script.id = 'recaptchaScript';
      script.src = 'https://www.google.com/recaptcha/api.js';
      script.async = true;
      script.defer = true;
      window.onSubmit = (token: string) => {
        api.post('/recaptcha', { token }).then((res: any) => {
          if (res.data.error) setFieldValue('recaptcha', '');
          else setFieldValue('recaptcha', token);
      window.onExpired = () => setFieldValue('recaptcha', '');
    return () => {
      if (script) document.body.removeChild(script);
  }, []);

  return (
    <form onSubmit={handleSubmit}>
      {/* eslint-disable-next-line jsx-a11y/control-has-associated-label */}
      <input id="recaptcha" name="recaptcha" type="hidden" value="" />
      <button type="submit" disabled={isSubmitting}>

export default formikEnhancer(ContactForm);

The Node.js code

This assumes you are using Express and dotenv. Put the following code in your controller:

import request from 'request';

function verify(req, res) {
  const { token } = req.body;

  if (!token) return res.json({ error: 'unverified' });

  const verificationUrl = `https://www.google.com/recaptcha/api/siteverify?secret=${process.env.RECAPTCHA_SECRET_KEY}&response=${token}&remoteip=${req.connection.remoteAddress}`;

  request(verificationUrl, function (error, response, body) {
    const resBody = JSON.parse(body);
    if (resBody.success !== undefined && !resBody.success) {
      return res.json({ error: 'unverified' });
    res.json({ success: true });

export default { verify };

And that's about all you need to do to fully integrate Google reCAPTCHA v2 with Formik and Node.js.

Feel free to contact me if you have any questions or comments.